Early Quebecois and Les Automatistes

Rita Letendre  ·  Pierre Gauvreau  ·  Lise Gervais  ·  Serge Lemoyne
Jean-Paul Jérôme  ·  Léon Bellefleur ·  Paul Vanier Beaulieu  ·  Claude Tousignant

Rita Letendre

L'eveil
L'éveil, 1961
casein on paper, 15 × 18"
Acceleration and obstacle
Accélération + obstacle
oil on linen, 15" × 18"
Zerdi
Zerdi, 1972
acrylic on canvas, 50" × 60"
Untitled 55-16
Untitled #16, 1955
casein on paper, 9.25" × 11.3"
Firestorm
Untitled #20, 1962
ink on paper, 6.25" × 9.5"
L'elan
Untitled #21, 1962
ink on paper, 6.25" ×9.5"
Untitled 62-23
Untitled #23, 1962
ink on paper, 6.25" × 9.5"

Pierre Gauvreau

Bifurcation
Bifurcation, 1991
acrylic on canvas, 48" × 40"
Le Sang de Tiennamen (The Blood of Tiennamen)
Le Sang de Tiennamen, 1989
acrylic on canvas, 72" × 48"
Debandade de l'intention
Debandade de l'intention ,2006
mixed media on canvas, 24" × 24"

Lise Gervais

Petit Remorqueur
La Chute de Pompeii, 1957
pastel on canvas, 8.75" × 11.5"

Serge Lemoyne

Maison II
Maison II, 1989
acrylic on canvas, 30" × 36"

Jéan-Paul Jérôme

Odyssée-Un
Odyssée-Un, 1993
acrylic on canvas, 24" × 30'
Mandoline
Mandoline, 1986
acrylic on board, 12" × 20"
Fonds Marin
Fonds Marin, 1975
acrylic on linen, 13" × 22"
Bruges
Bruges, 1990
acrylic on canvas, 16" × 16"

Léon Bellefleur

Pensee Magique
Pensée Magique, 1993
oil on panel, 10.5" ×8.75"

Paul V. Beaulieu

Paysage
Paysage, 1957
watercolour, 19" × 25.5"

Claude Tousignant

Azo-Cobalt, 1975 (Diptych)
Azo-Cobalt, 1975 (Diptych)
acrylic on canvas, 30" circles
Suite "P.M." 1917, #42, 2004
Suite "P.M." 1917, #42, 2004
mixed media on paper, 31" x 47.5"
Quinacridone-Cobalt, 1975 (Diptych)
Quinacridone-Cobalt, 1975 (Diptych)
acrylic on cavnas, 48" each

Slideshow

Les Automatistes – Biography

When painter Paul-Émile Borduas was introduced to the writings of the French poet André Breton, he was inspired by the poet's écriture automatique. Borduas then transferred these ideas onto the painting surface, using spontaneity and shunning the use of preconception. Les Automatiste, as a movement, was created when Borduas showed a number of these spontaneous paintings, done in gouache, at the Ermitage Théâtre in Montréal.

Running from April 25th to May 2nd 1942, the exhibition gained Borduas a few followers, most notably: Marcel Barbeau, Jean Paul Riopelle and Roger Fauteux, who were all his students at the École du Meuble. Other followers included: Pierre Gauvreau and Fernand Leduc from Montreal’s École des beaux-arts and Jean-Paul Mousseau from the Collège Notre-Dame. The new group met in Borduas's studio, there they discussed a wide variety of issues disapproved of by the church, such as Marxism, surrealism and psychoanalysis.